Objective This study was conducted to determine and compare the prevalence of coronary artery disease and coronary risk factors in both a rural and an urban population of Moradabad in north India.
Design and setting A cross-sectional survey of two randomly selected villages from the Moradabad district and 20 randomly selected streets in the city of Moradabad.
Subjects and methods The 3575 subjects were between 25 and 64 years old ; 1769 (894 men and 875 women) lived in the countryside and 1806 (904 men and 902 women) lived in the city.
The survey methods were questionnaires, physical examination and electrocardiography.
Results The overall prevalence of coronary artery disease, based on a clinical diagnosis and an electrocardiogram, was 9.0% in the urban and 3.3% in the rural population.
The prevalences were significantly (P<0.001) higher in the men compared with the women in both urban (11.0 vs 6.9%) and rural (3.9 vs 2.6%) populations, respectively.
The prevalence of symptomatic coronary artery disease (known coronary disease and Rose questionnaire-positive angina) was 2.3% in the men (n=19) and 1.5% in the women (n=13) in the rural subjects, and 8.5% in the men (n=77) and 3.4% in the women (n=31) in the urban population.
When diagnosed on the basis of electrocardiographic changes alone, the prevalences were 1.5% (n=26) in the rural population and 3.0% (n=55) in the urban. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie coronaire, Hypercholestérolémie, Inde, Asie, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Sexe, Milieu rural, Milieu urbain, Lipide, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Métabolisme pathologie, Dyslipémie, Hyperlipoprotéinémie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coronary heart disease, Hypercholesterolemia, India, Asia, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Sex, Rural environment, Urban environment, Lipids, Cardiovascular disease, Metabolic diseases, Dyslipemia, Hyperlipoproteinemia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0011998
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 17/04/1998.