To extend our findings from child psychiatry outpatients to child psychiatry inpatients regarding the similarity of children with a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI), particularly mild TBI, to matched children without such a history.
This is a chart review of patients consecutively admitted to a child psychiatry inpatient unit over a 5-year period.
Children with TBI were matched by age, sex, race, and social class to children with no history of TBI.
Axis I and II diagnoses and diagnostic clusters and use of special education services and IQ scores were compared.
Fifty-six (8.1%) of 694 consecutive patients admitted had a definite TBI.
Not one of more than 50 variables compared between TBI and control subjects was significantly different.
In a child psychiatry inpatient unit, patients with a history of TBI were virtually indistinguishable from matched children without TBI.
Caution should be exercised before attributing the child's problems, especially long-term problems, to the TBI unless the injury was severe or the child is exhibiting related phobic or posttraumatic stress symptomatology.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Crânioencéphalique, Trouble psychiatrique, Hospitalisation, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Enfant, Homme, Préadolescent, Adolescent, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Crâne pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Craniocerebral, Mental disorder, Hospitalization, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Child, Human, Preadolescent, Adolescent, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Skull disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0011227
Code Inist : 002B18D08. Création : 17/04/1998.