Ethnicity, socioeconomic status, transfusions and risk of hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection.
This study identifies the risk factors for hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) and measures the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody to hepatitis C (anti-HCV) in the general population of Jakarta.
A population-based sample of 985 people aged 15 and above was surveyed.
Risk factors were identified through questionnaires and home visits.
Serum was analysed for HBsAg, antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs), anti-HCV, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT).
The seroprevalence was : 4.0% (39/985) for HBsAg, 17.2% (170/985) for anti-HBs, and 3.9% (38/985) for anti-HCV.
The risk factors for hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection had little in common.
Low socioeconomic status was a strong risk factor for HBsAg (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 18.09 ; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.35-139.50).
In addition, the Chinese group has 2.97 higher risk of having HBV infection compared with the Malayan ethnic group (adjusted OR 2.97 ; 95% CI 1.22-7.83).
There was moderate positive trend between family size and risk of HBsAg positivity (P=0.130).
Age over 50 (adjusted OR 14.72 ; 95% CI 4.35-49.89) and history of transfusion were significant risk factors for hepatitis C (adjusted OR 3.03 ; 95% CI 1.25-7.33).
Hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections have different risk factors in Jakarta, a high risk in population for both diseases. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Virus hépatite B, Orthohepadnavirus, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Hépatite virale C, Virus hépatite C, Hepacivirus, Flaviviridae, Facteur risque, Contamination, Origine ethnique, Statut socioéconomique, Transfusion, Sang, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Hepatitis B virus, Orthohepadnavirus, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Viral hepatitis C, Hepatitis C virus, Hepacivirus, Flaviviridae, Risk factor, Contamination, Ethnic origin, Socioeconomic status, Transfusion, Blood, Incidence, Epidemiology, Human, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0007216
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 17/04/1998.