Short-term improvements in public health from global-climate policies on fossil-fuel combustion : an interim report.
Background Most public-health assessments of Climate-control policies have focused on long-term impacts of global change.
Our interdisciplinary working group assesses likely short-term impacts on public health.
Methods We combined models of energy consumption, arbon emissions, and associated atmospheric particulate-matter (PM) concentration under two different forecasts : business-as-usual (BAU) ; and a hypothetical climate-policy scenario, where developed and developing countries undertake significant reductions in carbon emissions.
Findings We predict that by 2020,700000 avoidable deaths (90% Cl 385000-1034000) will occur annually as a result of additional PM exposure under the BAU forecasts when compared with the climate-policy scenario.
From 2000 to 2020, the cumulative impact on public health related to the difference in PM exposure could total 8 million deaths globally (90% Cl 4.4-11.9 million).
In the USA alone, the avoidable number of annual deaths from PM exposure in 2020 (without climate-change-control policy) would equal in magnitude deaths associated with human immunodeficiency diseases or all liver diseases in 1995. interpretation The mortality estimates are indicative of the magnitude of the likely health benefits of the climate-policy scenario examined and are not precise predictions of avoidable deaths. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution air, Polluant, Consommation combustible, Politique sanitaire, Prévention, Evaluation, Court terme, Homme, Santé et environnement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Air pollution, Pollutant, Fuel consumption, Health policy, Prevention, Evaluation, Short term, Human, Health and environment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0006850
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 17/04/1998.