One difficulty of moving the focus of care for the mentally ill from hospital to the community is that some patients with severe mental illness, who have been in hospital for a long time, are difficult to place in the community.
The main problems that appear to be barriers to community-based care are aggressiveness and adverse sexual behaviour.
New antipsychotics, such as risperidone, are likely to increase the proportion of patients who can be successfully placed in the community because the low liability for extrapyramidal symptoms will contribute to better compliance.
A crucial aspect of the move to the community is the attitudes of neighbours.
Studies show that the public is deterred from making contact with the mentally ill because they expect them to have inadequate communication skills.
The public also expect bizarre behaviour and aggressiveness.
However, the majority of those living near proposed new community homes would welcome the establishment of mental health facilities in their neighbourhood.
A study of a public education campaign focussed on the neighbours of a sheltered home found that fear of the mentally ill was reduced and willingness to socialize with them was increased.
This change in attitudes was reflected in increased social contact between patients and their neighbours. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Intégration sociale, Psychose, Information public, Santé mentale, Homme, Perception sociale, Attitude, Quartier voisinage, Foyer communautaire, Education santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social integration, Psychosis, Public information, Mental health, Human, Social perception, Attitude, Neighbourhood, Community home, Health education
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0006430
Code Inist : 002B18H02. Création : 17/04/1998.