Women experience alarming levels of physical and sexual assault, which may lead to escalation of substance use.
Reciprocally, evidence from cross-sectional studies indicates that substance use may increase risk of assault.
To date, directionality of this relationship remains unclear.
This issue is addressed by the present 3-wave longitudinal study in which a national probability sample of 3,006 women were followed for 2 years.
Dependent measures were obtained at each wave of the study and included questions about lifetime and new assault status, alcohol abuse, and drug use.
Wave I use of drugs, but not abuse of alcohol, increased odds of new assault in the subsequent 2 years.
Reciprocally, after a new assault, odds of both alcohol abuse and drug use were significantly increased, even among women with no previous use or assault history.
For illicit drug use, findings support a vicious cycle relationship in which substance use increases risk of future assault and assault increases risk of subsequent substance use.
Mots-clés Pascal : Abus sexuel, Facteur risque, Boisson alcoolisée, Substance toxicomanogène, Etude longitudinale, Epidémiologie, Homme, Femelle, Victimologie, Abus, Femme battue
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual abuse, Risk factor, Alcoholic beverage, Drug of abuse, Follow up study, Epidemiology, Human, Female, Victimology, Abuse, Battered woman
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0006225
Code Inist : 002B18F01. Création : 17/04/1998.