A 2-year longitudinal analysis of the relationships between violent assault and substance use in women.
Women experience alarming levels of physical and sexual assault, which may lead to escalation of substance use.
Reciprocally, evidence from cross-sectional studies indicates that substance use may increase risk of assault.
To date, directionality of this relationship remains unclear.
This issue is addressed by the present 3-wave longitudinal study in which a national probability sample of 3,006 women were followed for 2 years.
Dependent measures were obtained at each wave of the study and included questions about lifetime and new assault status, alcohol abuse, and drug use.
Wave I use of drugs, but not abuse of alcohol, increased odds of new assault in the subsequent 2 years.
Reciprocally, after a new assault, odds of both alcohol abuse and drug use were significantly increased, even among women with no previous use or assault history.
For illicit drug use, findings support a vicious cycle relationship in which substance use increases risk of future assault and assault increases risk of subsequent substance use.
Mots-clés Pascal : Abus sexuel, Facteur risque, Boisson alcoolisée, Substance toxicomanogène, Etude longitudinale, Epidémiologie, Homme, Femelle, Victimologie, Abus, Femme battue
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual abuse, Risk factor, Alcoholic beverage, Drug of abuse, Follow up study, Epidemiology, Human, Female, Victimology, Abuse, Battered woman
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0006225
Code Inist : 002B18F01. Création : 17/04/1998.