Prevalence and contributing factors of eating disorder behaviors in active duty Navy men.
Association of Military Surgeons of the United States poster session. Uniformed Nurse Practitioner Conference. Annual Navy Research Day. San Antonio (USA) ; Tampa (USA) ; San Diego (USA), 1996.
Eating disorders have been widely studied among civilian women and among select groups of men (athletes and wrestlers).
Gross disturbances in eating behaviors characterize the conditions of anorexia nervosa (AN), currently seen among 1 to 2% of non-active duty women.
Bulimia nervosa (BN) is prevalent among 2% of the female population, and both disorders have a female-to-male ratio of 10 : 1. Another category of eating disorders known as not otherwise specified (NOS) occurs in between 3 and 35% of the population according to the reported literature.
This study examined the prevalence of AN, BN, and NOS among a large sample of active duty Navy men.
Multiple military, professional, and behavioral variables were analyzed to promote an increased understanding and awareness of these disorders among active duty men.
This was a descriptive, correlational study among 4,800 Navy men targeted from hospitals, clinics, and ships at sea.
Anonymous surveys were returned by 28% of prospective subjects (N=1,425).
The study revealed a prevalence of 2.5% for AN, 6.8% for BN, and 40,8% for NOS among active duty Navy men.
AN and BN existed without difference among all active duty men regardless of rank/rate, job assignment, or age.
Use of laxatives, diuretics, diet pills, vomiting, and fasting for standards increased during the body measurement and fitness periods, but year-round use of these methods existed at disturbing rates. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Anorexie mentale, Boulimie, Comportement alimentaire, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Armée, Etude comparative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia, Feeding behavior, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, Army, Comparative study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0005957
Code Inist : 002B18C01A. Création : 17/04/1998.