Hypertension and other chronic diseases are becoming increasingly important health problems for many Native American people, including the Navajo.
A community-based survey that included three standardized measurements of blood pressures, was conducted during 1991-92 on the Navajo Reservation.
Among the 780 adults examined, the overall age-standardized prevalence of hypertension, defined as an elevated systolic (=140 mm Hg) or diastolic (=90 mm Hg) blood pressure, or possession of prescription antihypertensive medications, was 19% (24% among men and 15% among women).
The prevalence of hypertension increased with age and relative weight, and among men, was associated with diabetes mellitus.
Among women, hypertension was associated with a central distribution of body fat, cigarette smoking, self-reported diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance.
Although only 50% of the persons found to have elevated blood pressure at the examination reported they had been previously told that they had hypertension, persons who had been previously diagnosed with hypertension had a slightly higher rate (~60%) of blood pressure control than that seen in the general U.S. population.
On the basis of these results, the prevalence of hypertension among the Navajo appears to have substantially increased since the 1930s. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Enquête, Nutrition, Poids corporel, Pression sanguine, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Hypertension artérielle, Diabète, Hémodynamique, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Endocrinopathie, Trouble métabolisme, Pancréas endocrine pathologie, Homme, Indien
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Survey, Nutrition, Body weight, Blood pressure, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Hypertension, Diabetes mellitus, Hemodynamics, Vascular disease, Cardiovascular disease, Endocrinopathy, Metabolic disorder, Endocrine pancreatic diseases, Human, Indian
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0003211
Code Inist : 002B12B05B. Création : 17/04/1998.