Cancer-screening behaviors, reproductive history, risk behaviors during pregnancy and chronic disease risk factors were examined in a representative sample of 566 Navajo women residing on the Navajo Reservation in 1991-1992.
Among all women 15 y and older, 59% were overweight, 4% were current smokers, 10% currently used smokeless tobacco and 12% were anemic.
Seventy-one percent of Navajo women aged 18 and older reported ever having had a Pap smear, but only 35% of women aged 50 and over reported ever having had a mammogram.
Among parous women, the prevalence of having received no prenatal care for any pregnancy declined from 60% among women 60 and older to 13% among women 20-29 y of age, and the prevalence of ever having had a child born at home declined from 82 to 2%. These data suggest marked secular improvement in these pregnancy-related risk behaviors.
However, data on cancer-screening behaviors indicate opportunities to improve health of Navajo women by increasing their use of mammography and Pap smear screening services.
Mots-clés Pascal : Gestation, Tumeur maligne, Dépistage, Facteur risque, Américain, Nutrition, Enquête, Femelle, Indien
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pregnancy, Malignant tumor, Medical screening, Risk factor, American, Nutrition, Survey, Female, Indian
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0003025
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 17/04/1998.