Coal fly ashes (CFA) are complex particles of a variable composition, which is mainly dependent on the combustion process, the source of coal and the precipitation technique.
Toxic constituents in these particles are considered to be metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and silica.
The purpose of this review was to study the in vitro and in vivo data on coal fly ash and relate the studied endpoints to the role of (crystalline) silica, considering its recent classification as a human carcinogen.
For most of the effects coal mine dust was chosen as a reference, since it contains up to 10% of crystalline silica (alpha-quartz) and is well studied both in vivo and in vitro.
Most studies on fly ash toxicity were not designed to elucidate the effect of its silica-content nor did they include coal mine dust as a reference.
Taking this into account, both in vitro and in vivo experimental studies show lower toxicity, inflammatory potential and fibrogenicity of CFA compared to silica and coal mine dust.
Although in vitro and in vivo studies suggest genotoxic effects of fly ash, the data are limited and do not clarify the role of silica.
Epidemiological studies in fly ash exposed working populations have found no evidence for effects commonly seen in coal workers (pneumoconiosis, emphysema) with the exception of airway obstruction at high exposure. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Charbon, Cendre volante, Toxicité, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Particule, In vitro, In vivo, Article synthèse, Carcinogène, Animal, Appareil respiratoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coal, Fly ash, Toxicity, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Particle, In vitro, In vivo, Review, Carcinogen, Animal, Respiratory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0002070
Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 17/04/1998.