The relationship between personal hygiene and blood lead levels was tested at a lead processing facility.
During the workers'semiannual respirator fit test, when they were confident their hands were clean, the amount of lead on their right hands was measured.
Samples were obtained by cleaning one entire hand with a wiping towel treated with a proprietary mixture of alcohol, surfactants, and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid.
Wipe samples were analyzed for total lead and then compared with the worker's blood lead level.
Each worker's personal habits at rest were also observed.
Workers with more than 1 year's experience had a significantly positive correlation between lead on the hand tested and their blood level.
The study strongly suggests that lead on the skin ultimately enters the bloodstream.
The route of entry was not investigated.
Personal habits of the workers with high blood lead levels were observed to include actions that would quickly contaminate their hands shortly after washing.
Mots-clés Pascal : Plomb, Métal lourd, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Industrie, Homme, Taux, Sang, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Lavage, Main, Hygiène, Essuie main
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lead, Heavy metal, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Industry, Human, Rate, Blood, United States, North America, America, Washing, Hand, Hygiene
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0001173
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 17/04/1998.