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  1. Respiratory disorders, skin complaints, and low-back trouble among tannery workers in Kanpur, India.

    Article - En anglais

    In a cross-sectional survey health complaints among 418 laborers in 15 Indian tanneries were studied.

    Low-back pain (61%), asthma (38%), dermatitis (23%), and chronic bronchitis (14%) were the most frequently reported complaints in the 12 months prior to the survey.

    In general, beamhouse workers reported the highest prevalence but only chronic low-back pain was significantly elevated compared with workers in the finishing departments.

    When using individual exposure estimates, clear associations were presented among manual lifting over 20 kg and low-back pain (OR=3.5) and skin exposure and dermatitis (OR=2.6).

    Frequent lifting of loads was also associated with self-reported asthma.

    About 44% of the laborers reported at least one period of sickness absence, and 17% were involved in a serious occupational accident that required a visit to the local physician.

    Logistic regression analysis showed that sickness absence occurred more often in small tanneries (OR=2.7) and also was significantly associated with low-back pain (OR=3.3) and occupational accidents (OR=2.2).

    This epidemiologic survey on health complaints in tannery workers is among the few in occupational populations in low-income countries.

    For many reasons these populations are easily overlooked.

    The results of this descriptive study indicate that there is a clear need for epidemiologic surveys in these countries to obtain information on working conditions and associated health problems.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Inde, Asie, Tannerie, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Symptomatologie, Lombalgie, Dermatite, Bronchite, Epidémiologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Peau pathologie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : India, Asia, Tannery, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Symptomatology, Low back pain, Dermatitis, Bronchitis, Epidemiology, Respiratory disease, Skin disease, Diseases of the osteoarticular system

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0001171

    Code Inist : 002B30B02A. Création : 17/04/1998.