In a cross-sectional survey health complaints among 418 laborers in 15 Indian tanneries were studied.
Low-back pain (61%), asthma (38%), dermatitis (23%), and chronic bronchitis (14%) were the most frequently reported complaints in the 12 months prior to the survey.
In general, beamhouse workers reported the highest prevalence but only chronic low-back pain was significantly elevated compared with workers in the finishing departments.
When using individual exposure estimates, clear associations were presented among manual lifting over 20 kg and low-back pain (OR=3.5) and skin exposure and dermatitis (OR=2.6).
Frequent lifting of loads was also associated with self-reported asthma.
About 44% of the laborers reported at least one period of sickness absence, and 17% were involved in a serious occupational accident that required a visit to the local physician.
Logistic regression analysis showed that sickness absence occurred more often in small tanneries (OR=2.7) and also was significantly associated with low-back pain (OR=3.3) and occupational accidents (OR=2.2).
This epidemiologic survey on health complaints in tannery workers is among the few in occupational populations in low-income countries.
For many reasons these populations are easily overlooked.
The results of this descriptive study indicate that there is a clear need for epidemiologic surveys in these countries to obtain information on working conditions and associated health problems.
Mots-clés Pascal : Inde, Asie, Tannerie, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Symptomatologie, Lombalgie, Dermatite, Bronchite, Epidémiologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Peau pathologie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : India, Asia, Tannery, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Symptomatology, Low back pain, Dermatitis, Bronchitis, Epidemiology, Respiratory disease, Skin disease, Diseases of the osteoarticular system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0001171
Code Inist : 002B30B02A. Création : 17/04/1998.