Transdermal nicotine patches have shown consider-able promise in improving smoking cessation outcomes.
The present study assessed telephone as an adjunct to a managed care-based, single-session group orientation smoking cessation program with nico-tine patch therapy.
The unit of randomiza-tion was the orientation session (n=35).
Subjects (n=509) were randomly assigned to a group session without telephone support, the session plus access to a toll-free help line, or the session with telephone help line plus active telephone outreach.
Contrary to hypothesis, there were no differences between treatment conditions.
Overall abstinence rates were 22% at 6 months and 21% at 1 year.
Fewer titan 1% of eligible subjects called the toll-free help line.
An average of 3.8 of a possible 4 calls were completed in the telephone outreach condition.
Abstinence results obtained in this program were comparable to those obtained with more extensive counseling.
However, there was no evidence of benefit from telephone support beyond the initial physician-led group orientation session.
Mots-clés Pascal : Nicotine, Patch, Système transdermique, Sevrage toxique, Tabagisme, Traitement, Homme, Support social, Appel téléphonique, Education santé, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nicotine, Patch, Transdermal system, Poison withdrawal, Tobacco smoking, Treatment, Human, Social support, Telephone call, Health education, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0551687
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 24/03/1998.