State smoking prevalence estimates : A comparison of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and Current Population Surveys.
This study examined whether there are systematic differences between the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and the Current Population Survey (CPS) for state cigarette smoking prevalence estimates.
BRFSS telephone survey estimates were compared with estimates from the US Census CPS tobacco-use supplements (the CPS sample frame includes persons in households without telephones).
Weighted overall and sex-and race-specific BRFSS and CPS state estimates of adult smoking were analyzed for 1985,1989, and 1992/1993.
Overall estimates of smoking prevalence from the BRFSS were slightly lower than estimates from CPS (median difference : - 2.0 percentage points in 1985, - 0.7 in 1989, and - 1.9 in 1992/1993 ; P<. 05 for all comparisons), but there was variation among states.
Differences between BRFSS and CPS estimates were larger among men than among women and larger among Blacks than among Hispanics or Whites ; for most states, these differences were not significant.
The BRFSS generally provides state estimates of smoking prevalence similar to those obtained from CPS, and these are appropriate for ongoing state surveillance of smoking prevalence.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Enquête, Etude comparative, Prise risque, Recensement, Evaluation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Sexe, Race
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, Survey, Comparative study, Risk taking, Census, Evaluation, United States, North America, America, Sex, Race
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0551686
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 24/03/1998.