A foodborne-disease surveillance program is an essential part of a food safety program.
Foodborne surveillance should be able to issue early alerts on contaminated food to which a large population is exposed ; collate notifications of enteric diseases and laboratory isolations ; report foodborne disease incidents on a regular basis ; and use sentinel and specific epidemiological studies as required.
Although most countries have some kind of reporting of notifiable diseases, few have foodborne-disease surveillance programs, and little is known of foodbome disease in general on a worldwide basis.
However, in the last decade many European countries have generated annual reports to join those of Canada.
England/Wales, Japan and the United States.
In addition, a few other countries are attempting to develop foodborne-disease reporting programs but are hampered by lack of resources.
However, it is apparent that staphylococcal intoxication has been decreasing in most nations, except in some Latin American countries where cheese from unpasteurized milk and cream-filled desserts are widely consumed.
In contrast, salmonellosis has been increasing or remaining steady as the main foodborne disease in practically all other countries.
Newly-recognized agents such as E. coli 0157 : H7 and other verotoxigenic E. coli, or previously-known agents in new food associations such as Clostridium botulinum, are also being documented in several countries. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Programme sanitaire, Surveillance sanitaire, Homme, Infection, Produit alimentaire, Innocuité, Contamination biologique, Bactérie, Intoxication alimentaire, Appareil digestif pathologie, Bactériose
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sanitary program, Sanitary surveillance, Human, Infection, Foodstuff, Harmlessness, Biological contamination, Bacteria, Food poisoning, Digestive diseases, Bacteriosis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0551181
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 24/03/1998.