This study investigated age-related changes in functional status and self-rated health in elderly men, taking into account changes over time and differences between birth cohorts.
The Zutphen Elderly Study is a longitudinal study of men born in the Netherlands between 1900 and 1920.
Functional status and self-rated health were measured in 513 men in 1990, in 381 men in 1993, and in 340 men in 1995.
Age, time, and cohort effects were analyzed in a mixed longitudinal model.
Longitudinal analyses showed that years of follow-up, the proportion of men without disabilities decreased from 53% to 39%, whereas the percentage who rated themselves as healthy de-creased from 50% to 35%. Cross-sectional analyses confirmed changes in functional status suggesting an age effect.
Time-series analyses con-firmed changes in self-rated health, suggesting a time effect.
No birth-cohort effects were found.
Functional status deteriorates with age, whereas self-rated health is not related to age in men aged 70 years and older.
The observed 5-year decline in self-rated health seemed to be due to a secular trend.
Mots-clés Pascal : Capacité fonctionnelle, Autoévaluation, Santé, Age, Etude longitudinale, Pays Bas, Europe, Vieillard, Homme, Mâle, Série temporelle, Tendance, Année naissance, Incapacité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Functional capacity, Self evaluation, Health, Age, Follow up study, Netherlands, Europe, Elderly, Human, Male, Time series, Trend, Disability
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0549241
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 24/03/1998.