A two-year prospective study was done to assess the prevalence and distribution of various parameters associated with scoliosis in schoolchildren in northwestern and central Greece.
A total of 82,901 children (41,939 boys and 40,962 girls) who were nine to fourteen years old were screened for scoliosis.
Five thousand eight hundred and three children had clinical signs of scoliosis and, of these, 4185 were referred for posteroanterior radiographs (to be made with the patient standing) because they had a positive result on the forward-bending test (a difference of more than five millimeters between the two sides of the torso as measured in the thoracic or thoracolumbar region with use of a ruler and a level plane) at the time of a second screening.
The prevalence of scoliosis (defined as a curve of 10 degrees or more) was 1.7 per cent (1436 of 82,901 children), and most of the curves (1255 ; prevalence, 1.5 per cent) were small (10 to 19 degrees).
The ratio of boys to girls was 1 : 2.1 over-all but varied according to the magnitude of the curve (1 : 1.5 for curves of less than 10 degrees, 1 : 2.7 for curves of 10 to 19 degrees, 1 : 7.5 for curves of 20 to 29 degrees, 1 : 5.5 for curves of 30 to 39 degrees, and 1 : 1.2 for curves of 40 degrees or more).
Thoracolumbar curves were the most common type of curve identified, followed by lumbar curves ; specifically, of the 1436 children who had a curve of at least 10 degrees, 493 (34.3 per cent) had thoracolumbar curve (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Scoliose, Idiopathique, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Dépistage, Ecole, Etude longitudinale, Prévalence, Exploration, Radiographie, Préadolescent, Grèce, Europe, Rachis, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Déformation, Radiodiagnostic
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Scoliosis, Idiopathic, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Medical screening, School, Follow up study, Prevalence, Exploration, Radiography, Preadolescent, Greece, Europe, Spine, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Deformation, Radiodiagnosis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0549068
Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 24/03/1998.