We examined the femora of 2665 adult human skeletons from an osteological collection to determine the prevalence of post-slip morphology termed femoral head-tilt deformity by Murray and pistol-grip deformity by Stulberg et al.
The hypothesis was that primary osteoarthrosis of the hip is a secondary manifestation of a subclinical developmental disorder of the hip.
The prevalence of post-slip morphology was 8 per cent (215 of 2665 skeletons).
Severe osteoarthrosis was more prevalent in association with post-slip morphology (116 [38 per cent] of 306 hips) than in the matched controls (seventy-nine [26 per cent] of 306 hips) (p<0.005).
In the skeletons that had unilateral post-slip morphology, severe osteoarthrosis was more prevalent in the involved hips (thirty-one [37 per cent] of eighty-three) than in the contralateral, normal hips (eighteen [22 per cent] of eighty-three) (p<0.05).
Post-slip morphology, which was unrelated to age, was found to be a major risk factor for the development of high-grade osteoarthrosis.
We noted evidence of high-grade osteoarthrosis in sixty-three (68 per cent) of the ninety-three hips with minimum post-slip morphology in skeletons from individuals who had been fifty-six years old or more at the time of death compared with forty-five (48 per cent) of the ninety-three control hips.
With the numbers available, this difference was not found to be significant (p<0.025). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Ostéonécrose aseptique, Tête fémorale, Adulte, Homme, Aplatissement, Morphologie, Complication, Arthrose, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Analyse corrélation, In vitro, Cadavre, Anatomie, Membre inférieur, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Ostéopathie, Arthropathie, Maladie dégénérative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Aseptic osteonecrosis, Femoral head, Adult, Human, Flattening, Morphology, Complication, Osteoarthritis, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Correlation analysis, In vitro, Cadaver, Anatomy, Lower limb, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Bone disease, Arthropathy, Degenerative disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0549067
Code Inist : 002B15B. Création : 24/03/1998.