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  1. Effect of nutrition improvement project on morbidity from infectious diseases in preschool children in Vietnam : Comparison with control commune.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To evaluate the effect of nutrition improvement project based on home garden production and nutrition education on morbidity from acute respiratory infection and diarrhoeal disease in preschool children.

    Design 

    The morbidity survey comprised five data collections undertaken by trained interviewers to ascertain the incidence and severity of respiratory infections and the incidence of diarrhoeal disease in children in two communes.

    Setting 

    A project commune and a control commune in Vietnam.

    Subjects 

    Preschool children to 6 years of age living in the project commune Khai Xuan (average 469 children) and the control commune Ching Cong (average 251 children).

    Main outcome measures 

    Differences between the two communes over time in the incidence and severity of respiratory infections and the incidence of diarrhoeal disease.

    Results 

    In Khai Xuan there was a significant reduction (P<0.0001) in the incidence of respiratory infections (from 49.5% to 11.2%) and diarroeal infections (18.3% to 5.1%) ; the incidence of pneumonia and severe pneumonia was also significantly reduced (P<0.0001).

    In Ching Cong there was no significant change in the incidence and severity of respiratory disease nor in the incidence of diarrhoeal disease.

    Conclusions 

    These findings emphasise the successful health outcome of a nutrition project based on household food production and nutrition education and the value of evaluating nutrition projects by reference to measurable health outcomes.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Malnutrition, Epidémiologie, Enquête sur terrain, Morbidité, Incidence, Facteur risque, Amélioration procédé, Etude comparative, Age préscolaire, Evaluation, Enfant, Homme, Vietnam, Asie, Trouble nutrition, Education santé

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malnutrition, Epidemiology, Field inquiry, Morbidity, Incidence, Risk factor, Process improvement, Comparative study, Preschool age, Evaluation, Child, Human, Vietnam, Asia, Nutrition disorder, Health education

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0549060

    Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 24/03/1998.