These practice parameters review the literature on children, adolescents, and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
There are three types of ADHD : predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined.
Together, they occur in as many as 10% of boys and 5% of girls of elementary school age.
Prevalence declines with age, although up to 65% of hyperactive children are still symptomatic as adults.
Frequency in adults is estimated to be 2% to 7%. Assessment includes clinical interviews and standardized rating scales from parents and teachers.
Testing of intelligence and academic achievement usually are required.
Comorbidity is common.
The corner-stones of treatment are support and education of parents, appropriate school placement, and pharmacology.
The primary medications are psychostimulants, but antidepressants and alpha-adrenergic agonists are used in special circumstances.
Other treatments such as behavior modification, school consultation, family therapy, and group therapy address remaining symptoms.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pratique professionnelle, Paramètre, Recommandation, Diagnostic, Trouble attention, Hyperactivité, Traitement, Epidémiologie, Psychothérapie, Enfant, Homme, Préadolescent, Adolescent, Adulte
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Professional practice, Parameter, Recommendation, Diagnosis, Attentional disorder, Hyperactivity, Treatment, Epidemiology, Psychotherapy, Child, Human, Preadolescent, Adolescent, Adult
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0548990
Code Inist : 002B18D05. Création : 24/03/1998.