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  1. Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

    Article - En anglais

    These practice parameters review the literature on children, adolescents, and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

    There are three types of ADHD : predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined.

    Together, they occur in as many as 10% of boys and 5% of girls of elementary school age.

    Prevalence declines with age, although up to 65% of hyperactive children are still symptomatic as adults.

    Frequency in adults is estimated to be 2% to 7%. Assessment includes clinical interviews and standardized rating scales from parents and teachers.

    Testing of intelligence and academic achievement usually are required.

    Comorbidity is common.

    The corner-stones of treatment are support and education of parents, appropriate school placement, and pharmacology.

    The primary medications are psychostimulants, but antidepressants and alpha-adrenergic agonists are used in special circumstances.

    Other treatments such as behavior modification, school consultation, family therapy, and group therapy address remaining symptoms.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pratique professionnelle, Paramètre, Recommandation, Diagnostic, Trouble attention, Hyperactivité, Traitement, Epidémiologie, Psychothérapie, Enfant, Homme, Préadolescent, Adolescent, Adulte

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Professional practice, Parameter, Recommendation, Diagnosis, Attentional disorder, Hyperactivity, Treatment, Epidemiology, Psychotherapy, Child, Human, Preadolescent, Adolescent, Adult

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0548990

    Code Inist : 002B18D05. Création : 24/03/1998.