Stool specimens from 3,600 diarrhoeal patients from the island of Crete, Greece, were examined for bacterial pathogens, during a three-year period (1992-1994).
One or more pathogens were identified in 826 patients (22.9%), more often from children.
Salmonella spp. were the most frequently isolated organisms in 13.6% of the patients, followed by Campylobacter in 4.7%, and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) in 3.9%. Yersinia enterocolitica was found in 0.7%, Shigella spp. in 0.7% and Aeromonas hydrophila in 0.05%. Vibrio spp. and enterohaemorragic E. coli were not identified in the stools tested.
Resistance to ampicillin was observed in 36% of the Salmonella, 62% of the Shigella, and 27% of the EPEC isolates.
Cotrimoxazole resistance was observed in 42% of the Shigella and 12% of the EPEC isolates, while tetracycline and the quinolones were inactive against almost half and erythromycin against 20% of the Campylobacter isolates.
This is the first study investigating bacterial pathogens associated with diarrhoea on the island of Crete.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diarrhée, Bactériose, Infection, Pathogène, Identification, Salmonella, Enterobacteriaceae, Bactérie, Campylobacter, Campylobacteraceae, Escherichia coli, Isolement, Antibiotique, Antibactérien, Sensibilité résistance, Ile Crète, Grèce, Europe, Epidémiologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diarrhea, Bacteriosis, Infection, Pathogenic, Identification, Salmonella, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteria, Campylobacter, Campylobacteraceae, Escherichia coli, Isolation, Antibiotic, Antibacterial agent, Sensitivity resistance, Crete, Greece, Europe, Epidemiology, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0548730
Code Inist : 002B05B02F. Création : 24/03/1998.