Liver transplantation in Ohio. Discussion.
Annual Meeting of the Central Surgical Association. Chicago (USA), 1997/03/07.
Since its inception in 1984, the Ohio Solid Organ Transplantation Consortium has tracked liver transplantation outcomes for its five member institutions.
Presented herein is a 12-year of this data analyzed to determine whether, with increasing experience, outcomes have improved in a cost-effective manner.
Between July 1984 and June 1996,1,063 liver transplants were performed in Ohio in 943 patients (772 adults and 171 children), of which 943 were primary and 120 were retransplants (13%). Outcome comparisons were made for three eras : 1984-1988,1988-1992, and 1992-1996.
The percentage of urgent (United Network for Organ Sharing status 1 and 2) transplants has decreased (62% to 41%), whereas that of homebound patients has increased (38% to 59%). Average time on the waiting list has increased from 39 to 165 days, and the average length of stay has decreased from 44 to 27 days.
Patient survival at 1-year increased in each era (64%, 80%, and 82%, respectively).
Although actual hospital charges have remained relatively constant, they have decreased substantially when compared in 1985 dollars as corrected for inflation.
Patients undergoing liver transplantation in Ohio are now listed earlier in the course of their disease and wait longer for their transplant, but enjoy a better chance of survival, have a shorter hospital stay, and a relatively less expensive operation. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Transplantation, Foie, Incidence, Indication, Coût, Evolution, Résultat, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Chirurgie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Transplantation, Liver, Incidence, Indication, Costs, Evolution, Result, Human, United States, North America, America, Surgery, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0543456
Code Inist : 002B25G03. Création : 24/03/1998.