Occupational therapy for independent-living older adults : A randomized controlled trial.
Context. - Preventive health programs may mitigate against the health risks of older adulthood.
- To evaluate the effectiveness of preventive occupational therapy (OT) services specifically tailored for multiethnic, independent-living older adults.
- A randomized controlled trial. selling. - Two government subsidized apartment complexes for independent-living older adults.
- A total of 361 culturally diverse volunteers aged 60 years or older.
- An OT group, a social activity control group, and a nontreatment control group.
The period of treatment was 9 months.
Main Outcome Measures
- A battery of self-administered questionnaires designed to measure physical and social function, self-rated health, life satisfaction, and depressive symptoms.
- Benefit attributable to OT treatment was found for the quality of interaction scale on the Functional Status Questionnaire (P=03), Life Satisfaction Index-Z (P=03), Medical Outcomes Study Health Perception Survey (P=05), and for 7 of 8 scales on the RAND 36-Item Health Status Survey, Short Form : bodily pain (P=03), physical functioning (P=008), role limitations attributable to health problems (P=02), vitality (P=004), social functioning (P=05), role limitations attributable to emotional problems (P=05), and general mental health (P=02). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Vieillard, Homme, Indépendance, Autonomie, Essai thérapeutique contrôlé, Randomisation, Prévention, Activité professionnelle, Enquête socioéconomique, Etude comparative, Evaluation, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Elderly, Human, Independence, Autonomy, Controlled therapeutic trial, Randomization, Prevention, Professional activity, Socioeconomical inquiry, Comparative study, Evaluation, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0542424
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 24/03/1998.