About 13,000 physicians from the former Soviet Union have found themselves in the saturated medical market in Israel as a result ofthe latest wave ofimmigration.
This paper examines the gap in professional attitudes and practices between Israeli and Soviet MDs and the cognitive mechanisms employed by immigrant physicians in the process of adjustment to the new medical culture.
The study draws on 25 semistructured interviews with recent (about three years in Israel) immigrant doctors who were at various stages of obtaining a local medical license.
Reflecting on the need to redefine themselves as professionals and to confront negative stereotypes regarding ex-Soviet doctors, many respondents stressed the strong sides of Soviet medical training and work style.
In their collective self-portrait, immigrant doctors emphasized devotion to patients, clinical intuition, manual skills, and empathy, while flaws were regarded as superficial and improvable by technical training.
Conversely, the alleged flaws of Israeli doctors were perceived by these informants as pertaining to the core ofmedicine : « Excessive dependence on technology, » « lack of responsibility toward patients, » and « weak preventive orientation » of Israeli colleagues were repeatedly criticized.
The paper sheds light on the significant conceptual differences between the Soviet and Western medical traditions and provides a vivid example of the sociocultural construction of medicine. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecin, Pratique professionnelle, Israël, Asie, Etude comparative, Immigrant, Russie, Eurasie, Adaptation, Milieu culturel, Perception sociale, Attitude, Rôle professionnel, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Ex-URSS
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physician, Professional practice, Israel, Asia, Comparative study, Immigrant, Russia, Eurasia, Adaptation, Cultural environment, Social perception, Attitude, Occupational role, Health staff, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0539864
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 24/03/1998.