Patients'awareness of stroke signs, symptoms, and risk factors.
Background and Purpose We sought to determine knowledge at the time of symptom onset regarding the signs, symptoms, and risk factors of stroke in patients presenting to the emergency department with potential stroke.
Methods Patients admitted from the emergency department with possible stroke were identified prospectively.
A standardized, structured interview with open-ended questions was performed within 48 hours of symptom onset to assess patients'knowledge base concerning stroke signs, symptoms, and risk factors.
Results Of the 174 eligible patients, 163 patients were able to respond to the interview questions.
Of these 163 patients, 39% (63) did not know a single sign or symptom of stroke.
Unilateral weakness (26%) and numbness (22%) were the most frequently noted symptoms.
Patients aged =65 years were less likely to know a sign or symptom of stroke than those aged<65 years (percentage not knowing a single sign or symptom, 47% versus 28%, P=016).
Similarly, 43% of patients did not know a single risk factor for stroke.
The elderly were less likely to know a risk factor than their younger counterparts.
Conclusions Almost 40% of patients admitted with a possible stroke did not know the signs, symptoms, or risk factor of a stroke.
Further public education is needed to increase awareness of the warning signs and risk factors of stroke.
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident cérébrovasculaire, Aigu, Symptomatologie, Facteur risque, Base connaissance, Education santé, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Cérébrovasculaire pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stroke, Acute, Symptomatology, Risk factor, Knowledge base, Health education, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Cerebrovascular disease, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0534494
Code Inist : 002B17C. Création : 13/02/1998.