The study investigated whether community care is sustainable by examining the levels of stress and burnout that affect community mental health staff.
Six teams from around Great Britain were chosen to take part, representing a number of different facets of care : the type of community model, whether it was in an inner city or suburban area and whether the team had been part of a scientific evaluation of care, in which case it may have contained more experienced and more highly trained staff.
The results indicated that community care staff experienced high levels of burnout as a result of the work stressors.
These levels were higher than those found in any published study of health professionals within hospitals, but are similar to those found in community teams recently.
There was no evidence that any particular model of community care produced less burnout, but working in an inner city did seem to produce the highest levels.
There did seem to be some benefit from a moderate staff turnover within teams.
These results mirror those of other recent studies.
Models of community care can only be sustained by reducing their toxicity on the staff who have to make them work.
Therefore, levels of stress and burnout should be included in any evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of service models.
The alleviation of these high levels through individual and organisational interventions should now be a high priority.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traitement communautaire, Personnel sanitaire, Stress, Royaume Uni, Europe, Programme thérapeutique, Etude comparative, Homme, Epuisement professionnel
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Community treatment, Health staff, Stress, United Kingdom, Europe, Therapeutic schedule, Comparative study, Human, Occupational burnout
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0534048
Code Inist : 002B18H04. Création : 13/02/1998.