Suicidal feelings and work environment in psychiatric nursing personnel.
Suicidal feelings, attempted suicide and aspects of work environment and well-being in Swedish psychiatric nursing personnel were studied using a questionnaire.
The questionnaire, containing 190 questions, was mailed to all 242 nurses and attendants working in psychiatric care at the department of psychiatry at Karolinska Hospital.
Eighty-one percent (n=197) returned the questionnaire.
Suicidal feelings « last year » were lower than in the general population, but suicidal feeling and attempted suicide « earlier than last year » were much more common, and 13% reported that they had attempted suicide earlier in life.
In order to study the possible association between work environment and suicide, a factor analysis was performed.
Four factors were extracted and labelled : suicidality, quality of work, negative work environment and burn out/depression.
The correlation between the factors suggests that negative work environment is associated with burn out/depression, which in turn is related to suicidality.
No direct link was demonstrated between suicidality and work environment, and completed suicide was not investigated.
The study provides some indirect evidence that a negative work environment may increase suicidal feelings.
Mots-clés Pascal : Idée suicide, Tentative suicide, Infirmier psychiatrique, Condition travail, Milieu professionnel, Bien être, Personnel sanitaire, Suède, Europe, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide ideation, Suicide attempt, Psychiatric nurse, Working condition, Occupational environment, Well being, Health staff, Sweden, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0534047
Code Inist : 002B18H04. Création : 13/02/1998.