This paper analyses the effect of income and education on life expectancy and mortality rates among the elderly in 33 countries for the period 1960-92 and assesses how that relationship has changed over time as a result of technical progress.
Our outcome variables are life expectancy at age 60 and the probability of dying between age 60 and age 80 for both males and females.
The data are from vital-registration based life tables published by national statistical offices for several years during this period.
We estimate regressions with determinants that include GDP per capita (adjusted for purchasing power), education and time (as a proxy for technical progress).
As the available measure of education failed to account for variation in life expectancy or mortality at age 60, our reported analyses focus on a simplified model with only income and time as predictors.
The results indicate that, controlling for income, mortality rates among the elderly have declined considerably over the past three decades.
We also find that poverty (as measured by low average income levels) explains some of the variation in both life expectancy at age 60 and mortality rates among the elderly across the countries in the sample.
The explained amount of variation is more substantial for females than for males. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Education, Revenu, Vieillard, Homme, Pauvreté, Etude comparative, Pays en développement, Pays industrialisé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Education, Tempering, Elderly, Human, Poverty, Comparative study, Developing countries, Industrialized country
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0533718
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 13/02/1998.