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  1. Poverty and mortality among the elderly : measurement of performance in 33 countries 1960-92.

    Article - En anglais

    This paper analyses the effect of income and education on life expectancy and mortality rates among the elderly in 33 countries for the period 1960-92 and assesses how that relationship has changed over time as a result of technical progress.

    Our outcome variables are life expectancy at age 60 and the probability of dying between age 60 and age 80 for both males and females.

    The data are from vital-registration based life tables published by national statistical offices for several years during this period.

    We estimate regressions with determinants that include GDP per capita (adjusted for purchasing power), education and time (as a proxy for technical progress).

    As the available measure of education failed to account for variation in life expectancy or mortality at age 60, our reported analyses focus on a simplified model with only income and time as predictors.

    The results indicate that, controlling for income, mortality rates among the elderly have declined considerably over the past three decades.

    We also find that poverty (as measured by low average income levels) explains some of the variation in both life expectancy at age 60 and mortality rates among the elderly across the countries in the sample.

    The explained amount of variation is more substantial for females than for males. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Education, Revenu, Vieillard, Homme, Pauvreté, Etude comparative, Pays en développement, Pays industrialisé

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Education, Tempering, Elderly, Human, Poverty, Comparative study, Developing countries, Industrialized country

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0533718

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 13/02/1998.