This study was designed to estimate the incidence and describe the characteristics of injuries during a one-year period in the French island of Réunion, Indian Ocean, a defined geographic population with socioeconomic problems.
Cases were injuries from accidents (unintentional injuries), self-inflicted injuries (suicides and attempted suicides), or injuries purposely inflicted by other people, that resulted in hospital admission or death.
Patients and injury characteristics were recorded prospectively, alternately every other week, in all emergency rooms on the island ; all death certificates were studied.
The overall annual incidence of injuries was 1578 per 100 000 residents.
The three main causes of injury were (i) falls on the same level (23.6%), (ii) poisoning (23.0%) and (iii) traffic accidents (21.5%). Of the traffic accident cases, 44% were motorcyclists (mostly mopeds) and more than half of the cases were 15-25 years old.
Suicides and attempted suicides accounted for 80.9% of poisonings, 35.5% of immediately fatal injuries, and 19.6% of non-fatal injuries.
Homicides and assaults accounted for 8.3% of all injuries.
The employment rate was lower for injured patients than in the total Réunion population (standardized ratio for males : 74 ; P<0.001).
Half of the injured hospitalized patients had an Injury Severity Score<5 and 8 days after hospitalization, 83.5% of patients had returned home.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Statut socioéconomique, Age, Sexe, Variation géographique, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Morbidité, Incidence, Homme, Ile Réunion, Iles Océan Indien, Etude comparative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Socioeconomic status, Age, Sex, Geographical variation, Epidemiology, Mortality, Morbidity, Incidence, Human, Reunion, Indian Ocean Islands, Comparative study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0533639
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 13/02/1998.