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  1. Prevalence of chronic diseases in older Italians : Comparing self-reported and clinical diagnoses.

    Article - En anglais


    The Italian Longitudinal Study on Aging (ILSA) evaluates the rates of diabetes, cardiovascular and neurological disorders in a random sample of 5632 Italians aged 65-84 years.


    The ILSA has two components : a first screening phase administered to all participants, that includes a personal interview, physician examination, laboratory and diagnostic tests, and a second phase, consisting of the clinical confirmation of suspected cases by a specialist.


    Prevalence rates were significantly higher among men for myocardial infarction (10.7% versus 4.8%), cardiac arrhythmia (25.1% versus 20.3%) and peripheral artery disease (8.1% versus 5.2%), and among women for hypertension (67.3% versus 59.4%), heart failure (7.3% versus 5.4%) and dementia (7.2% versus 5.3%). No gender difference was found for stroke, angina, diabetes, Parkinsonism and distal symmetric neuropathy.

    Unreported diagnoses accounted for 85% of cases of distal symmetric neuropathy, for more than half the cases of cardiac failure, for 40% of cases of angina, and for more than one-third of cases of arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, peripheral artery disease, hypertension, Parkinsonism.

    Data from the phase 1 interview showed substantial overreporting for myocardial infarction, peripheral artery disease, diabetes, and stroke.



    Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie, Chronique, Autoperception, Autoévaluation, Diagnostic, Médecin, Spécialité médicale, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Méthodologie, Evaluation performance, Vieillard, Homme, Italie, Europe, Etude comparative

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Disease, Chronic, Self perception, Self evaluation, Diagnosis, Physician, Medical specialty, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Methodology, Performance evaluation, Elderly, Human, Italy, Europe, Comparative study

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0533380

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 13/02/1998.