Environmental health hazards : The impact on a southern community.
The impact of environment on health is a growing area of concem for nurses.
The purpose of this study is to describe and characterize residents living near an abandoned hazardous waste site, assess their past and present exposure risk, and describe health concems and psychosocial effects.
Data were obtained by a door-to-door outreach effort.
Networking was also used to identify residents with health concems.
Extensive field notes were taken to record the responses of residents.
A preliminary windshield survey was conducted to approximate the number of residents living in the geographic area, assess the residential community, analyze drainage pathways away from the site, and observe outdoor activity pattems.
Community concems from the residential population were collected and analyzed for recurrent themes.
Significant off-site activity pattems included use of drainage ditches as play areas for children.
Foraging on-site activities included picking berries, crawfishing, geophagy (clay eating), and rabbit hunting.
Common health problems described by residents included skin rashes, respiratory-related complaints, reproductive difficulties, and headaches.
The majority of residents were concemed about the incidence of cancer in the area.
Identifying the concerns of residents and indicators of health problems helps nurses begin to understand the relationship between the environment and health.
Mots-clés Pascal : Décharge contrôlée, Zone résidentielle, Proximité, Toxicité, Homme, Risque, Santé et environnement, Composé chimique, Carcinogène, Infirmier, Rôle professionnel, Prévention, Personnel sanitaire, Site abandonné, Santé communautaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sanitary landfill, Residential zone, Proximity, Toxicity, Human, Risk, Health and environment, Chemical compound, Carcinogen, Nurse, Occupational role, Prevention, Health staff, Community health
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0529692
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 13/02/1998.