Psychiatric disorders among Egyptian pesticide applicators and formulators.
International Symposium on Neurobehavioral Methods and Effects in Occupational and Environmental Health. Cairo (EGY), 1994/12/03.
Two hundred eight pesticide formulators, 172 pesticide applicators, and 223 control subjects (72 from an urban region matching the pesticide formulators and 151 from a rural area matching the pesticide applicators) underwent psychiatric assessment.
The study aimed to screen for psychiatric morbidity using a standardized screening tool, the General Health Questionnaire, and a widely recognized system of diagnosis and classification, the revised third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychiatric Disorders (DSM-III-R).
Significantly higher frequencies of psychiatric disorders were found in the exposed groups.
The predominant diagnosis was depressive neurosis ; the most frequent symptoms were irritability and erectile dysfunction.
Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pesticide, Toxicité, Industrie chimique, Agriculteur, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Pulvérisation, Egypte, Afrique, Trouble psychiatrique, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual III, General Health Questionnaire Goldberg, Système nerveux pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pesticides, Toxicity, Chemical industry, Farmer, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Spraying, Egypt, Africa, Mental disorder, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual III, General Health Questionnaire Goldberg, Nervous system diseases
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0527943
Code Inist : 002B03G. Création : 13/02/1998.