Psychological determinants of contraceptive use were investigated in Great Britain and Germany, using national data obtained in 1992.
It was hypothesised that current contraceptive use among sexually active, fertile women aged 15-45 was related to their attitude towards the various contraceptive methods, social influences, perceptions of being able to use a method correctly and consistently, a correct estimation of fertility, and communication with their partner.
Effects of age and country were also taken into account.
The attitude of respondents towards the various contraceptive methods was ambivalent and no method was seen as ideal.
On medical methods (OCs, IUDs and sterilisation) many respondents expressed doubts as to their safety for health.
Social influences most frequently concerned the use of OCs.
Respondents considered themselves able to use oral contraceptives correctly, but expressed general fear about intrauterine devices and sterilisation, and many women believed they were not able to use condoms and periodic abstinence consistently.
Multifactorial analyses revealed that current contraceptive use was principally determined by social influences, attitude and self-efficacy with respect to medical methods.
Age and country, and, for use of unreliable methods, fertility awareness also played a role.
Communication with the partner was less relevant. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Contraception, Choix, Utilisation, Attitude, Relation conjugale, Influence sociale, Efficacité personnelle, Prise décision, Femme, Homme, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Allemagne, Etude comparative, Analyse statistique, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Contraception, Choice, Use, Attitude, Marital relation, Social influence, Self efficacy, Decision making, Woman, Human, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Germany, Comparative study, Statistical analysis, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0523318
Code Inist : 002B20A01. Création : 13/02/1998.