Multifactorial analyses of data from representative British and German national contraception surveys were used to examine the principal demographic determinants of contraceptive use by women.
Contraceptive use appeared to be determined mainly by reference to'reproductive status' (the combined impact of age, marital status, parity and future child wish).
Women who were postponing pregnancies were using oral contraceptives, whereas those who wanted no more children relied more on intrauterine devices or sterilisation.
Differences between the countries suggested that the choice of contraceptive method was influenced by health care policy, the organisation of the relevant services and differential provider preferences.
The contraceptive method used was also related to having occasional rather than steady sexual partners (more condom use), lower educational level (less oral contraceptive use) and frequent church attendance (greater use of condoms and periodic abstinence).
Contraception decisions appeared to follow a fixed pattern, based more on a couple's demographic situation (reproductive status, country, educational level and religious beliefs) than on the characteristics of the contraceptive methods.
This resulted in an unnecessarily restricted choice of methods.
Mots-clés Pascal : Contraception, Choix, Age, Niveau étude, Statut professionnel, Religion, Statut conjugal, Pays, Prise décision, Utilisation, Femme, Homme, Allemagne, Europe, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Analyse statistique, Epidémiologie, Etude comparative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Contraception, Choice, Age, Education level, Professional status, Religion, Marital status, Countries, Decision making, Use, Woman, Human, Germany, Europe, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Statistical analysis, Epidemiology, Comparative study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0523317
Code Inist : 002B20A01. Création : 13/02/1998.