Background Hereditary breast cancer is thought to account for less than 10 per cent of all breast cancers.
Recently there have been significant advances in understanding of the genetics, with the sequencing of the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 which are associated with hereditary breast cancer.
Methods and results Current understanding of hereditary breast cancer and its impact on the management of women with this disease is reviewed.
Conclusion Problems in accurate testing for breast cancer-associated genes remain.
No reliable simple test exists because of the large number of mutations present in these genes.
The implications of different mutations remain poorly understood.
Guidelines for the management of carriers of the breast cancer-associated genes remain controversial.
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinome, Glande mammaire, Héréditaire, Etiopathogénie, Prévalence, Facteur prédictif, Gène mutateur, Prévention, Article synthèse, Femelle, Homme, Irlande, Europe, Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire pathologie, Déterminisme génétique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinoma, Mammary gland, Hereditary, Etiopathogenesis, Prevalence, Predictive factor, Mutator gene, Prevention, Review, Female, Human, Ireland, Europe, Malignant tumor, Mammary gland diseases, Genetic inheritance
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0515915
Code Inist : 002B20E02. Création : 13/02/1998.