State gun safe storage laws and child mortality due to firearms.
Context. - Since 1989, several states have passed laws that make gun owners criminally liable if someone is injured because a child gains unsupervised access to a gun.
These laws are controversial, and their effect on firearm-related injuries is unknown.
- To determine if state laws that require safe storage of firearms are associated with a reduction in child mortality due to firearms.
- An ecological study of firearm mortality from 1979 through 1994.
Selling. - All 50 states and the District of Columbia.
- All children younger than 15 years.
Main Outcome Measures
- Unintentional deaths, suicides, and homicides due to firearms.
- Laws that make gun owners responsible for storing firearms in a manner that makes them inaccessible to children were in effect for at least 1 year in 12 states from 1990 through 1994.
Among children younger than 15 years, unintentional shooting deaths were reduced by 23% (95% confidence interval, 6% - 37%) during the years covered by these laws.
This estimate was based on within-state comparisons adjusted for national trends in unintentional firearm-related mortality.
Gun-related homicide and suicide showed modest declines, but these were not statistically significant.
Conclusions-State safe storage laws intended to make firearms less accessible to children appear to prevent unintentional shooting deaths among children younger than 15 years.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arme à feu, Epidémiologie, Aspect juridique, Traumatisme, Facteur sécurité, Mortalité, Adolescent, Homme, Prévention, Evaluation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fire arm, Epidemiology, Legal aspect, Trauma, Safety factor, Mortality, Adolescent, Human, Prevention, Evaluation, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0515088
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 13/02/1998.