Occupationally acquired HIV : The vulnerability of health care workers under workers'compensation laws.
Approximately 800 000 needle-sticks anti other sharp injuries from contaminated medical devices occur in health care settings each year, of which an estimated 16 000 are contaminated by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Health care workers who are occupationally infected by HIV are at risk of being left without workers'compensation coverage. in some states, the definition of an occupational disease is so restrictive that infected health care workers are unlikely to qualify for benefits.
For those who are able to meet the definition, compensation is often inadequate.
Recourse is also limited by statutory provisions that preclude health care workers from bringing civil suits against their employers.
We recommend the amendment of legislation to provide more equitable remedies, including :
(1) broadening the definition of occupational disease : (2) eliminating provisions that require a claimant to prove that (a) a specific occupational incident resulted in infection and (b) HIV is not an ordinary disease of life ;
(3) expanding the time for filing a claim ;
(4) assuring that lifetime benefits will be provided to the disabled health care worker, and (5) assuring that claims will remain confidential.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Maladie professionnelle, Personnel sanitaire, Exposition professionnelle, Compensation, Epidémiologie, Législation, Ethique, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Occupational disease, Health staff, Occupational exposure, Compensation, Epidemiology, Legislation, Ethics, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0515031
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 13/02/1998.