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  1. Fulltext. Aplastic anemia in rural Thailand : Its association with grain farming and agricultural pesticide exposure.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objecfives.

    A population-based case-control study was conducted to elucidate the incidence and etiology of aplastic anemia in Thailand.

    Methods

    Case patients and hospital control patients were enrolled in three regions from 1989 to 1994 ; data were collected by interview.

    Results

    Forty-six percent of 81 case patients and 19% of 295 control patients from Khonkaen were grain farmers (estimated relative risk [RR]=2.7. 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.4,5.2).

    Sixteen percent of case patients and 6% of control patients used agricultural pesticides (estimated RR - 2.7,95% CI : 1.1. 6.6).

    The association with grain farming remained among those not exposed to pesticides.

    In Songkla, 16% of 43 case patients and 2% of 181 control patients were grain farmers (crude RR estimate - 11. 95% CI - 3.4,35).

    Conclusions

    The relation of aplastic anemia to grain farming may partly explain the high incidence of aplastic anemia in Thailand.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Anémie aplasique, Zone rurale, Santé et environnement, Exposition, Pesticide, Agriculture, Céréale, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Incidence, Homme, Thaïlande, Asie, Hémopathie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Aplastic anemia, Rural area, Health and environment, Exposure, Pesticides, Agriculture, Cereal, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Incidence, Human, Thailand, Asia, Hemopathy

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0514975

    Code Inist : 002B19A01. Création : 13/02/1998.