The growth and nutritional status of the breast-fed infant.
Copyright (c) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
All rights reserved.
The literature on the relationship between early infant feeding and growth shows that after the first 3 or 4 months, breast-fed infants in the developed world are lighter than formula-fed infants with markedly lower adiposity.
There is some evidence of a slightly lower rate of linear growth over the first year or so.
These differences in weight and length do not apparently persist beyond the first few years of life.
In the developing world the situation is very different.
The growth curves of breast-fed infants of malnourished mothers may falter between the third and sixth month of life.
However, the generally poor quality of the supplementary foods offered in the developing world and the increased risk of diarrhoeal infections mean that supplementary feeding before the age of 6 months is unlikely to lead to a growth advantage and may well lead to growth faltering.
Mots-clés Pascal : Allaitement, Lait maternel, Lait infantile, Etat nutritionnel, Croissance, Développement postnatal, Mère, Supplémentation, Etude comparative, Article synthèse, Alimentation, Pédiatrie, Nourrisson, Homme, Nouveau né
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Breast feeding, Breast milk, Infant formula, Nutritional status, Growth, Postnatal development, Mother, Supplementation, Comparative study, Review, Feeding, Pediatrics, Infant, Human, Newborn
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0513982
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 13/02/1998.