Copyright (c) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
All rights reserved.
In this paper we review the literature in regard to possible relationships between breast feeding and diarrhoea or gastroenteritis.
We show that in the developed as well as the developing world, there is consistent evidence of a protective effect of exclusive breast feeding in the first 4-6 months of life.
The odds ratios were generally in excess of 3.0 for non-breast milk feeds.
The relationship was not consistent for rotavirus infections but was consistently strong for non-viral pathogens.
There are a number of indicators that suggest biological plausibility, in both the developing and developed world.
The triple indicators of consistency and strength of the epidemiological associations, together with biological plausibility are major arguments for believing that there is a causal sequence involved.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pays en développement, Pays industrialisé, Prévention, Allaitement, Bactériose, Infection, Virose, Giardiase, Protozoose, Parasitose, Gastroentérite, Diarrhée, Enterobacteriaceae, Bactérie, Campylobacter, Campylobacteraceae, Helicobacter, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrionaceae, Rotavirus humain, Rotavirus, Reoviridae, Virus, Article synthèse, Alimentation, Pédiatrie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Estomac pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Nouveau né, Homme, Nourrisson
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Developing countries, Industrialized country, Prevention, Breast feeding, Bacteriosis, Infection, Viral disease, Giardiasis, Protozoal disease, Parasitosis, Gastroenteritis, Diarrhea, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteria, Campylobacter, Campylobacteraceae, Helicobacter, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrionaceae, Human rotavirus, Rotavirus, Reoviridae, Virus, Review, Feeding, Pediatrics, Digestive diseases, Gastric disease, Intestinal disease, Newborn, Human, Infant
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0513977
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 13/02/1998.