Copyright (c) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
All rights reserved.
It is well recognised that although nutritionally breast milk is the optimal food for babies, there are a number of caveats to this, based on the consequences of the modern lifestyle.
Here we have considered ways in which the young breast fed child may be exposed to various environmental and medical contaminants which might cause adverse reactions and to which he/she may not otherwise be exposed.
These substances are divided into four different areas :
(i) medication taken by the mother ;
(ii) exposure to possibly addictive drugs taken by the mother ;
(iii) exposure to pollutants mainly from the maternal diet or as the result of her occupation ;
The infant who consumes breast milk may be exposed to a variety of chemicals which may have untoward effects on his/her immediate health and temperament and future development.
Potentially hazardous substances ingested by the breast fed infant include medicaments (or their metabolites) that may have been ingested by the mother, potentially addictive common neurotoxicants such as nicotine, caffeine and alcohol, illicit drugs such as heroin and cocaine, and pollutants such as polychlorinated biphenyls and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT).
There is a paucity of good information on which to base reliable estimates of the harm that this may cause the child. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Allaitement, Lait maternel, Lait femme, Toxicité, Médicament, Polluant, Alcool, Virus, Transmission mère enfant, Passage lait, Article synthèse, Nicotine, Caféine, Nouveau né, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Breast feeding, Breast milk, Human milk, Toxicity, Drug, Pollutant, Alcohol, Virus, Mother to child transmission, Milk transfer, Review, Nicotine, Caffeine, Newborn, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0513973
Code Inist : 002B03H. Création : 13/02/1998.