Relationships between coronary risk factors and intensity, duration, and frequency of leisure activity were studied in 5943 men and 6039 women, ages 25-69.
Age, smoking, socioeconomics, season, body mass index (BMI), urbanization, occupational activity, and liquid, alcohol, and saturated/total fat intake were adjusted using multivariate regressions.
Among men each 100 kcal. kg-1. wk-1 spent on vigorous activities (7.5-9.0 MET) was associated with : significant (P<0.01) average differences of - 0.36 mmol.
L-1 total cholesterol, 0.17 mmol.
L-1 HDL cholesterol (P<0.001), 0.05 HDL/total cholesterol (P<0.001), - 0.33 mmol.
L-1 triglycerides, - 3 mm Hg diastolic blood pressure, - 10 beats. min-1 heart rate (P<0.001), 30 L. min-1 peak flow, and - 1.1 kg. m-2 BMI.
Among women it was associated with : - 7 mm Hg systolic blood pressure, - 6 beats. min-1 heart rate (P<0.001), 50 L. min-1 peak flow (P<0.001), and - 1.4 kg. m-2 BMI (P<0.05).
Moderate activity (either 3.0-4.5 MET or 5.0-7.0 MET) was significantly (P<0.05) associated with HDL cholesterol, BMI, and, for men, heart rate : for women, it was associated with HDL/total cholesterol, triglycerides, diastolic blood pressure, and peak flow.
With duration and intensity constant, increasing frequency by one time per wk was significantly (P<0.05) associated with - 0.014 mmol.
L-1 total cholesterol, 0.001 HDL/total cholesterol, - 0.36 beats. min-1 heart rate, - 0.093 kg. m-2 BMI among men, and+0.009 mmol.
L-1 HDL cholesterol. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Facteur risque, Cardiopathie coronaire, Exercice physique, Intensité, Durée, Loisir, Fréquence, Epidémiologie, Indice masse corporelle, Biométrie corporelle, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Risk factor, Coronary heart disease, Physical exercise, Intensity, Duration, Leisure, Frequency, Epidemiology, Body mass index, Corporal biometry, Cardiovascular disease, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0513512
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 13/02/1998.