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  1. An epidemiological study of neurasthenia in Chinese-Americans in Los Angeles.

    Article - En anglais

    This study examined the prevalence and clinical features of ICD-10-defined neurasthenia (NT) in Chinese-Americans and its relations to other psychiatric disorders.

    In this community epidemiological survey, the enhanced Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), with a supplemental NT module, was administered to 1,747 Chinese-Americans, selected with a stratified cluster sampling method.

    The SCL-90-R was also used for measuring psychiatric morbidity and symptoms.

    Dimensions of social stress and social support were measured by established instruments.

    A total of 112 ICD-10 NT subjects (6.4%) were identified.

    Of these, 63 (56.3%) did not experience any current and lifetime DSM-III-R diagnoses, yielding a 12-month or lifetime prevalence rate of « pure » NT of 3.61%. This rate was much higher than any of the other psychiatric disorders in this sample.

    Compared with normal subjects, « pure » NT subjects had significantly higher SCL-90-R total and factor scores, experienced more psychosocial stress, and perceived less social support (P<. 05 or. 01).

    Compared with subjects with depression and anxiety disorders, « pure » NT cases reported significantly less SCL-90-R psychological symptoms (P<. 05 or. 01), but had a strikingly similar elevation in the somatization subscale score.

    These data suggest that NT is a distinctive clinical condition overlapping only partially with the other better recognized diagnostic entities. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Neurasthénie, Prévalence, Asiatique, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Symptomatologie, Stress, Support social, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Neurasthenia, Prevalence, Asiatic, California, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Symptomatology, Stress, Social support, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0512831

    Code Inist : 002B18C08E. Création : 13/02/1998.