The annual rainfall in Saudi Arabia is less than 100 mm/year and there are no rivers or lakes.
Therefore, the renewable surface and groundwater resources are not sufficient to meet increasing demand in the domestic, commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors.
To supplement the deficit in water balance there is a growing interest in reuse of reclaimed wastewater.
This article discusses wastewater reuse in Saudi Arabia, considering its environmental, economic, and social implications.
Potential uses of reclaimed wastewater include irrigation, industrial processes, and groundwater recharge.
Highly purified wastewater can also be used for domestic purposes including religious rituals according to the Islamic Sharia Law, provided that it has no adverse health effects.
The unit cost ofa tertiary treated effluent from a treatment plant in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia was estimated to be 1.1 SR (Saudi Riyals)/m3.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arabie Séoudite, Péninsule Arabique, Asie, Eau usée, Effluent, Protection environnement, Gestion ressource eau, Demande, Bilan eau, Irrigation, Industrie, Recharge nappe, Epuration, Coût, Traitement eau, Réutilisation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Saudi Arabia, Arabian Peninsula, Asia, waste water, effluents, environment protection, water resource management, demand, water balance, irrigation, industry, ground-water recharge, purification, cost, water treatment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0511252
Code Inist : 001E01O04. Création : 13/02/1998.