Seven-year-olds to 15-year-olds in 2 school districts of Göteborg, Sweden, were screened for selective mutism by their teachers and follow-up was achieved for a full school year.
Three girls and 2 boys met DSM-IV criteria for selective mutism and a further 25 had a combination of shyness and reticence that did not amount to clinical disorder.
The rate of typical selective mutism was 18 in 10,000 children.
Shyness/reticence occurred in 89 in 10,000 children.
Selective mutism was more common than suggested by earlier studies.
Teachers of school age children need to be better informed about its existence.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mutisme, Sélectivité, Trouble comportement social, Timidité, Personnalité, Epidémiologie, Age scolaire, Enfant, Homme, Préadolescent, Adolescent, Trouble communication, Trouble langage
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mutism, Selectivity, Social behavior disorder, Timidity, Personality, Epidemiology, School age, Child, Human, Preadolescent, Adolescent, Communication disorder, Language disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0510950
Code Inist : 002B18D03. Création : 13/02/1998.