Although understanding of the subsistence patterns, service utilization, and HIV-risk behaviors of homeless youths and young adults is increasing, relatively little is known about the epidemiology of mental health problems in this group or the relationships between mental health problems and substance use.
This study measured symptoms of depression, low self-esteem, ADHD, suicidality, self-injurious behavior (SIB), and drug and alcohol use disorder in a sample of homeless youth and young adults living in Hollywood, CA.
Results indicated extremely high prevalences of mental health problems, as compared with corresponding rates of mental health problems found among housed youths in previous studies.
Prevalence of mental health problems differed by age and ethnicity.
African Americans were at lower risk of suicidal thoughts and SIB than were those of other ethnicities.
Older respondents and females were at increased risk of depressive symptoms, and younger respondents were at increased risk of SIB.
Previous history of sexual abuse and/or assault was associated with increased risk of suicidality and SIB.
Risk factors for drug abuse disorder included ethnicity other than African American, homelessness for 1 year or more, suicidality, SIB, depressive symptoms, and low self-esteem.
Risk factors for alcohol abuse disorder included male gender, white ethnicity, homelessness for 1 year or more, suicidality, and SIB. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévalence, Trouble psychiatrique, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Sans domicile fixe, Facteur risque, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Substance toxicomanogène, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevalence, Mental disorder, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Homeless, Risk factor, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Drug of abuse, Adolescent, Human, Young adult
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0510871
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 13/02/1998.