The structure of problem and positive behavior among American Indian adolescents : Gender and community differences.
Using Problem-Behavior Theory as a framework, the latent structure of problem and positive behaviors was examined within a sample of 1,894 American Indian adolescents.
Support was found for a two-factor second-order structure in which problem behaviors (antisocial behavior, alcohol use, drug use, and risky sexual behavior) and positive behaviors (school success, cultural activities, competencies, and community-mindedness) represented two relatively uncorrelated aspects of behavior.
Hierarchical multiple regressions demonstrated that the positive behaviors construct contributed significant incremental construct validity in the statistical prediction of psychosocial outcomes, over and above the problem behaviors.
In addition, the fit of the structure was examined across gender and the four participating communities.
The importance of the inclusion of positive behaviors is discussed from the standpoint of both prevention/promotion activities and the communities'perceptions.
Further recommendations are made for deeper understandings of community concerns and strengths in conducting preventive/promotive research efforts.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Promotion santé, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Amérindien, Trouble comportement social, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Substance toxicomanogène, Ethnie, Sexe, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Health promotion, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Amerindian, Social behavior disorder, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Drug of abuse, Ethnic group, Sex, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0510867
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 13/02/1998.