The relationship between condition-specific morbidity, social support and material deprivation in pregnancy and early motherhood.
Poorer health has been consistently associated with both low levels of social support and material deprivation.
It has been proposed that social support constitutes a causal link between health and deprivation such that those with lower socio-economic status have poorer health because their lack of social support makes them more vulnerable to disease.
This assumption was tested in this study for women moving from pregnancy to early motherhood.
The sample of 9208 women was drawn from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ALSPAC).
Health status was measured by self-report of morbidity for three contrasting conditions : backache, depression and urinary infection.
Data were collected by self-completion questionnaire at eight weeks prepartum and at eight weeks postpartum.
The sample was divided into four groups for each condition on the basis of identification of the condition (1) on both occasions, (2) on neither occasion, (3) at eight weeks prepartum only, and (4) at eight weeks postpartum only.
Chi-square tests were used to measure the association between presence or absence of a condition as defined above, material deprivation and low social support.
Responses on an eight item social support questionnaire tapping emotional, instrumental and communal aspects of perceived social support were compared between these groups for each condition. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Morbidité, Santé, Gestation, Pauvreté, Statut socioéconomique, Support social, Réseau social, Evaluation, Femme, Homme, Mère, Epidémiologie, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Morbidity, Health, Pregnancy, Poverty, Socioeconomic status, Social support, Social network, Evaluation, Woman, Human, Mother, Epidemiology, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0506086
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 13/02/1998.