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  1. Health risks of immigration : the Yemenite and Ethiopian cases in Israel : Dossier "Nutrition".

    Article - En anglais

    Immigration almost always involves major cultural changes in dietary, social and health-related beliefs and behaviour.

    Two years after the arrival of the earliest Yemenite immigration wave to Israel, about 30 years ago. the prevalence rate of diabetes in that population was almost nonexistent (~ 0.06%), increasing to approximately 12% 25 years later.

    Obesity and hyperlipoproteinemia were not always correlated with diabetes.

    Ethiopians, mainly from the northern regions, first immigrated to Israel ten years ago.

    At that time, their prevalence rate of diabetes was 0-0.4%. Though it is too early to determine the overall prevalence rate in this population, 5-8%. rates have been reported after up to 5 years in Israel.

    The objective of the present work was to study the effect of the diversity of ethnic food patterns and adaptability on the nutritional status of Ethiopian immigrants.

    Two groups were studied - teenagers and adults.

    After 2 and 18 months in Israel, adult Ethiopians who arrived in Israel in 1991 (n=426) had an average body mass index (BMI) of 20-22 kg/m2, which was below western values : a waist : hip ratio (WHR) of 0.9 suggested abdominal fat accumulation.

    Fasting serum-glucose levels were within the norm, whereas insulin levels were high (24 mug/mL).

    Plasma triglycerides (TG) increased with age, from about 100 to 150 mg/dL, whereas cholesterol and lipoprotein levels remained stable and normal. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Immigration, Israël, Asie, Lipide, Cholestérol, Diabète, Adolescent, Homme, Alimentation, Consommation alimentaire, Anthropométrie, Facteur risque, Adulte, Age, Endocrinopathie, Etat nutritionnel, Ethnie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Immigration, Israel, Asia, Lipids, Cholesterol, Diabetes mellitus, Adolescent, Human, Feeding, Food intake, Anthropometry, Risk factor, Adult, Age, Endocrinopathy, Nutritional status, Ethnic group

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0505087

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 13/02/1998.