To determine the individual, physical, and psychosocial risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome in a general population.
Method-Population based case-control study in Marshfield epidemiological study area in Wisconsin, USA.
Cases were men and women aged 18-69 with newly diagnosed carpal tunnel syndrome (n=206 (83.1%) of 248 eligible).
Controls were a random sample of residents of the study area who had no history of diagnosed carpal tunnel syndrome (n=211 (81.5%) of 259 eligible).
Cases and controls were matched by age.
Telephone interviews and reviews of medical records obtained height and weight, medical history, average daily hours of exposure to selected physical and organisational work factors, and self ratings on psychosocial work scales.
Result-In the final logistic regression model, five work and three non-work variables were associated with risk of carpal tunnel syndrome, after adjusting for age.
For each one unit of increase in body mass index (kg/m2), risk increased 8% (odds ratio (OR) 1.08 ; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.03 to 1.14).
Having a previous musculoskeletal condition was positively associated with carpal tunnel syndrome (OR 2.54 ; 95% CI 1.03 to 6.23).
People reporting the least influence at work had 2.86 times the risk (95% CI, 1.10 to 7.14) than those with the most influence at work. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Homme, Facteur risque, Canal carpien syndrome, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etude cas témoin, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Non professionnel, Compression, Système nerveux pathologie, Nerf périphérique pathologie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Human, Risk factor, Carpal tunnel syndrome, United States, North America, America, Case control study, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Non occupational, Compression, Nervous system diseases, Peripheral nerve disease, Diseases of the osteoarticular system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0504021
Code Inist : 002B16H. Création : 13/02/1998.